Build a website and keep maintain over internet refers web development. In other words, when you create any simple text page, application, software, and any program that runs over the internet called the web development.
Currently, there are many website builders where non-coder can create a nice websites easily.
The easiest example of web development is a Websites. Currently, you are reading this text on a web page and this web page is a part of this website which is running via internet.
Web development divided into three parts
- Frontend Web Development
- Backend Web Development
- Full Stack Web Development
1. Front-end web development
Front End web developers are responsible for the look and feel of a website/web application/software. They make website/application/software for various sizes of device desktop screen size, tablet screen size and mobile screen size called responsive web design.
First, they plan – What?, Where?, How? and then they start developing using the programming languages. Front End web developers are responsible for all the frond-end stuff i.e., update the content time to time, create new UI (User Interface), upgrade old UI (User Interface), functionality of buttons and your clicks on any component, etc, everything must go soft on different size of devices. They make webpage accessible on different browsers i.e., Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Edge using browser prefixes etc. all these included in the front-end development.
Your web applications (Social Media App), which you use daily in your life, you open this on your device (Computer or Mobile or Tablet) and the links, buttons and text, chatting form, everything you get in a certain position, called UI (User Interface). These components have its own different behavior i.e., different behavior of links, buttons, forms it’s all about front-end development.
In short, Web developers create a user interface of any website or application or software and set a behavior of its components using the programming languages called front-end web development, also known as client-side development.
Basic languages for front-end web development:
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is for structure of a webpage using different-different tags.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is for styling of the webpages. We use CSS to set the components in a position, set text-color, set text-size, for text formatting, etc. Basically we use CSS with the HTML. CSS makes webpage nice for the visitors.
2. Back-end web development
Back-end web development is the server-side development and users can’t interact with it. A backend developer writes web services and APIs. It’s for dynamic websites and web applications for storing the data in database, organizing the data in database and keeping maintain the behavior on the front.
Example: When you do online shopping, you search any product to buy let’s say a jeans. So when you search a jeans you get information about that jeans on your screen with the many other jeans. This information comes from the database. It happens by server-side programming language, write by backend developers called backend development.
3. Full-stack web development
The full stack development means, developer is responsible for both front-end and backend, responsible for all facets. In short, developer covers front-end to back-end also testing and debugging. In another words, a developer is responsible for complete website or application.
Which way to go?
There are different fields for web development which overlap to each other with their own different skills.
1. Web Developer
You have read about the web developers: Front Web Developer, Backend Web Developer and Full Stack Web Developer.
2. Content Writer
Content writers are responsible for the content on a website. You read about any product , read about website, read ‘About Us’ page and any content you read about on a website, that is the content.
You interact to the images and videos, you read the text on a website and blog etc. content developers are responsible for all these content to make a website or blog more interesting when a user visits to the website and the agenda is users could not leave without ending.
Testing of web applications and websites to find the bug before making that live. Testing for the code quality, the performance, the content, the UI (User interface), the functionalities, the security and make sure the website or web application working properly for the real time users.
Cross browser testing is included in the testing role. Cross browser testing is, test web application/website on every different browsers i.e. safari, chrome, Firefox, Microsoft edge with their different versions.
Example: You are testing a website cross browser so you will test on version 11, version 12, version 13 and the new one version 14. You will test on different size of screens – tablet, mobile, desktop.
You can pick the browsers, based on the popularity in the market then you can make a list of those popular browsers and you can start testing on those.
You can also use analytics tool to see the traffic on your website, this will tell you how much traffic are on the browsers, on that basis you can do cross browser testing.
Webmasters manage and maintain multiple websites of an organization. A webmaster is responsible for the complete website (code, UI, security, functionality, content of the website everything) If you want to remove/update/add any data from the website you will have to contact to webmaster of the company or website owner.